Water Legislation


The principle law governing water supply and sanitation service provision in Zambia is the Water Supply and Sanitation Act No. 28 of 1997. This Act mainly deals with the regulation of the service provision and provides for powers of service providers on issues relating to general service provision. It also provides for the establishment of an autonomous Regulator, NWASCO.

NWASCO is a statutory body established under the National Water Supply and Sanitation Act, No. 28 of 1997 that governs the functions and operations of NWASCO.

NWASCO is a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal, capable of suing and being sued.

Composition of the Council
Prior to 2005, the Council comprised sixteen members, appointed by the Minister of Energy and Water Development representing various stakeholders. However, by virtue of Statutory Instrument No.10 of 2005, the said provision was amended reducing the number of Council members to seven (7) as follows:

I. A representative of the Consumer Protective Association of Zambia
II. A representative of the Zambia Chambers of Commerce and Industry
III. A representative of an association whose membership consists of water sector professional
IV. A representative of private sector institution concerned with public health
V. A representative of the Ministry responsible for water resources
VI. A representative of the ministry responsible for local government and housing; and
VII. A representative of the Attorney General

To this end, the following are the current members of the Council:

Dr. Cosmas Musumali - Chairman Health services and Systems
Mr. Muyunda Ililonga - V. Chairman Zambia Consumer Association
Mrs L M Phiri -Councilor Zambia Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Mr. A. Hussen - Councilor Department of Water Affairs
Mr J Simachela -Councilor Ministry of Justice
Mr L Zulu -Councilor Water and Sanitation Association of Zambia
Ms. Z Zulu -Councilor Ministry of Local Government and Housing

For the day-to-day management of the institution, the Section 7 of the Act provides for the appointment by the Council of among others, the Chief Executive Officer of NWASCO responsible for the administration of the affairs of the Council.

Download the full ACT under Publications.